Rock Shop Finishing  Equipment Polishers, Laps and Saws
SpiritRock Shop
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Lortone Flat Laps
The Lortone FL-15 Vibrating Flat Lap is one of the favorites for rockhounds who are looking to polish their cut
specimen faces, polish slabs for display or clock faces. The FL-15 from Lortone is also great for polishing Bookend
sets in agate or your other favorite stone.

How to use your flat lap
There is much discussion about how to polish on these machines, here is what we have learned by trial and error.
First, to get quality finishes you must use graded abrasive(100 grit), not graded range (60/90 grit). Second, you
must really clean after each grit to prevent contamination of the next step. All it takes is one or two 100 grit grains to
ruin a 220 grit finish. This becomes more critical as the grit becomes finer. That is why we prefer the Lortone Flat
Laps over the competitors. Lortone provides 2 pans with each unit. One pan for grinding and one for polishing. This
reduces the chance of contaminating the polishing stages with the earlier surfacing stages. We recommend
complete scrubbing of each specimen after each stage or grit.
Okay, now to the grit, What grit you start with basically depends on how accurate the cut is from your saw. If you
have a perfect cut the number of stages is reduced. If you see saw marks on your specimen, sit down, this one's
going to take a while.

Our recommendations are;
Smooth cut specimens....start with 220 grit for 8-12hrs, clean, 600 grit for 8-12hrs, clean, 1000 grit for 8-12 hrs,
clean, Tin Oxide or Cerium Oxide polish for 8-12 hrs.
Saw Marked specimens....These are the toughest...I generally run these through more grit stages to obtain the
best finish. Start these with 80 or 100 grit. Lap these until you can mark the surface of the specimen with a pencil
and all the pencil marks disappear completely within 5 minutes. Do this for every stage of grit and you will never go
wrong. Spending the extra effort in the rough stages will produce better results in the final polish stage. I have one
specimen of Brazilian banded Agate that my saw jammed on and gouged the face. It is such a stunning stone that I
decided to grind this gouge out rather than re-cut it and lose more material. I put this one in with every batch of 80
grit I do. When the other specimens are done with this stage and the agate is not, I clean it up and put it on the shelf
waiting for the next 80 grit stage. Sooner or later it too will be ready to move on. The point here is to not get in a
hurry. It took mother nature millions of years to make this specimen, so if it takes you a few days, weeks, months or
years to polish it you are still way ahead! Anyway, back to the lapping....after the 80 or 100 grit stage, clean, move
to 400 grit for 8-12 hrs, clean, 600 grit for 8-12hrs, clean, 1000 grit for 8-12 hrs, clean, Tin Oxide or Cerium Oxide
polish for 8-12 hrs.
There are other grit grades that you can try. Don't be afraid to experiment and don't get in a hurry. 1200 grit
produces some wonderful looks on some stones and there are a wide variety of polishes to choose from. Some
work better on different types of stones, some you will like, some you will throw away, depending upon what you are
trying to polish. Each polish has it's special use and it takes a while to learn them all.

Tips and Tricks to make your polishing easier
We always place a drop or two of Palmolive liquid dish soap in our grit slurry mix. On the FL-15 we use 4-5
Tablespoons of grit mixed with water until it just starts to splash at the edges by the outer pan ring. Add 1 or 2 drops
of the Palmolive allows the grit to better adhere to the surfaces of the rock you are lapping and makes the process
work better. We use a plastic spray bottle to add water to our slurry and also have a Lortone overhead drip watering
system slowly adding drops of water throughout the lapping process to maintain the consistency of the slurry. If this
is your first time using a lap, be aware that this is not an indoor sport. Great in a garage or basement, but these
laps can make a mess of the surrounding area in a hurry if the slurry gets too wet. Since the desired mix is at the
very edge of when it slurry starts to splash, it normally splatters out during the process.

Protecting your Rocks from Damage
Another trick we learned from Wally at the Fallon Rock shop was to cut up old (or new) inner tubes from yard
machinery into wide rubber band like strips and place them around your rocks or geodes to protect them. You can
even use 2 or more to get the correct thickness of protection you need. The object is to prevent rock to rock
contact. Leave the factory outer bumper ring in if you use this method. We have setup bins to store used bands in
divided by the grit size to allow reuse without contamination of grit size.

Polishing Slabs
Polishing slabs is more difficult. Normal slabs are too light to polish well without being weighted. Most
recommendations we have received were to use lead weights (which you must make yourself) I ran into an old
rockhound who asked, "Why buy lead if you already have rocks" made sense to us so we now polish our slabs
using cut face rocks attached to the slab with small multiple pieces of double back tape. If your weight rock is larger
in diameter than the slab, protect the weight rock edges. If your weight rock is smaller in diameter than your slab, we
like 1/4" plexiglass or acrylic cut larger than the slab, taped to slab, then taped to the weight rock. Remember, the
objective here is to evenly distribute the weight over a surface larger than your slab.  An off-center weighting will
cause a very bad finish. Once again the best way to get into this is just jump in and give it a try. Remember, it's a
hobby...a lifestyle...NOT a job. I believe it was Thomas Edison who said something to the effect that he did not fail
many times trying to make a light bulb...he just learned many ways NOT to make a light bulb.

We hope this helps you in your efforts at polishing rocks using a vibrating flat lap
Item # FL-15-U1
Used "as is" Lortone
15" Vibrating Flat Lap

We have a Lortone manufacturing gently used FL-15 Vibrating Flat Lap in stock ready for local pickup in Brevard, North Carolina. A
proven workhorse the FL-15 vibrates at 1600 times per minute giving consistent and excellent abrasion to your specimen. This comes with
2 each 15" pans, one for grinding and one for polishing. Each pan includes a 3/8 OD polyethylene tube bumper ring. These pans are
made of aluminum and the polish pan comes with its own polishing pad. Pans are easily removed for changing or cleaning. Please e-mail
any questions to ...  for any questions
Item # LRHS121800AC
Lapidary Rock Holder Small

A few years ago we picked up some lapidary rock holders from an industrious rockhound
from Cody, Wyoming. Have you had problems holding rocks in your saw vise? This fellow
made these interesting 3 arm rock holders that solidly hold irregular shaped rocks. The
rock holder is clamped firmly on parallel sides in your slab saw vise. There are three sizes
of these rock holders and each comes with an extra set of arms. photos here show one of
these in our covington 16" saw set up to center cut a septarian. The rock can be rotated in
the rock holder and tightened in place with an allen wrench.
Small Lapidary rock holder fits saws with a vise that will accept 4-1/8 inches or larger. This holder also fits in the
Lortone 12 and 14" rock clamp vise (see bottom left photo showing recess for bottom clamp bar). It comes with
an extra set of arms. Will clamp rocks as large as 5 inches. Shipping weight is 10 pounds in an 8 x 8 x 6 box
Item # LRHM121800AC
Lapidary Rock Holder Medium

Medium Lapidary rock holder fits saws with a vise that will accept 5-1/2 inches or larger. It comes with an
extra set of arms. Will Clamp rocks as large as 6 inches. Shipping weight is 10 pounds in a 11 x 8 x 5 box
Item # LRHL121800AC
Lapidary Rock Holder Large

Large Lapidary rock holder fits saws with a vise that will accept 5-1/2 inches or larger. It comes with an
extra set of arms. Will clamp rocks as large as 9 inches. Shipping weight is 22 pounds in 12 x 12 x 8 box
Item # LRG12180095
Lortone LRG Rock Gripper

Lortone 701-LRG-1 Rock Grabber has a heavy steel pivoting top bar gives incredible strength and holding
power. Electo-plated for rust protection.
Bolts directly to all Lortone Slab Saws. This is new old stock
Item # LRG12183M098
Replacement Feed Motor for Lortone
LS 10, LS 12 and LSS 14P

Dayton Gearmotor 115 Volts, RPM 4 Max. Torque 18.0 in.-lb. Enclosure Open. This motor will replace feed
motors on Lortone LS10 and LS12. It will also fit the LSS14P Panther saw and slow the feed from 15
inches per hour (6 to 7 rpm) to around 8 inches per hour (4 rpm) which allows better cutting of very hard
rocks such as Jasper or Brazilian Agates. To fit this motor you must cut the 5/16” diameter shaft to ½ inch
in length and file a flat spot on the shaft for the set screw. This Dayton motor is much less expensive than
Lortone’s feed motor which retails for around $80.00. We have successfully used these motors for many
years on Lortone saws with no problems. We found this motor when we kept destroying 14” blades cutting
agates on the Panther with its fast feed speed. (We ruined 303, 304 and Agate eater blades cutting
Brazilian Agate on our Panther saw before we decided to slow down the feed speed.) This motor did the
trick…worked great for us and we only wore out 1 blade after that in a 10 year span. You can change feed
motors easily and switch back to the fast speed motor for cutting softer items if you want to.
Jerry's Rock and Gem was established in 1954 as Jerry's Agate Shop by a Boeing machinist named Jerry Appleton.
He wanted to supply his own rock habit and to fill the needs of other rock hounds. Made out of durable Cast
Aluminum, about 3/8 inch thick. It will help you get the most out of your rough material. Don't throw away those end
pieces. This clamp firmly grips in both grooved ends. The jaws are 2.6 inches wide and will easily open up to hold
slabs up to 5+ inches wide. You can change the threaded screws to longer ones to make it open even wider. It was
designed for slabbing end pieces which can be cut with minimum end piece waste
Item # JRG12185991
Original 1950's Jerrys Agate Shop
Used Slab Grabber