Campo del Cielo Meteorites
Total Mass: over 100 tons to date
Time of Fall: 4,000 to 6,000 years ago
Location: Campo del Cielo, Gran Chaco Gualamba,
Argentina, about 500 miles north-northwest of
Latitude 27 degrees 39 minutes South,
Longitude 61 degrees 44 minutes West.
Strewnfield: The larger Campo del Cielo meteorites are found in and around a series of small craters in the southwestern part of the strewn field. The largest crater is 78 by 65 meters. A smaller one is 56 meters in diameter and 5 meters deep. All together, searchers have found at least 12 craters.
The main part of the crater-forming mass was found in each of these craters. This is in contrast to Canyon Diablo and Odessa where the main crater-forming mass is believed to have vaporized or shattered on impact. In this respect, the field is similar to Sikhote-Alin.
Iron meteorites originate from the molten iron core of what was briefly a planet between Mars and Jupiter. This planet broke apart during formation approximately 4.5 billions years ago during the birth of the solar system, and its remnants comprise the asteroid belt
History of The Campo del Cielo Meteorite
The Campo del Cielo meteorite site was first discovered by the Spanish in 1576 in the Gran Chaco Gualamba region of Argentina, about 500 miles north-northwest of Buenos Aries The location of the find was Campo del Cielo (field of the heavens), an appropriate name for the location of a meteorite strewn field. Since the Indians believed that the irons fell from heaven the name is undoubtedly derived from the meteorites found in this area, which is an open brush-covered plain having little water and few rocks, making it great meteorite hunting country. Subsequent searches have found Campos over a large region.
Time of the Fall
Scientists have estimated the date of the Campo del Cielo fall using radiocarbon dating of charred wood found in the craters. Dates of 5800 years (plus or minus 200 years) and 3950 years (plus or minus 90 years) have been obtained. These dates are consistent with an Indian lore tradition that the irons fell from the heavens.
Structure of the Campo del Cielo
The Campo del Cielo is a polycrystalline coarse octahedrite. The Widmanstatten bands are thicker than those at Canyon Diablo or Odessa, but still have the same coarse octahedrite classification.
Composition of Campo del Cielo Meteorites
The Campo del Cielo is classified in Group IAB, , 6.68% Ni, 0.43% Co, 0.25% P, 87 ppm Ga, 407 ppm Ge, 3.6 ppm Ir. Of course, almost all of the remaining portion of the meteorite is iron.
Iron meteorites are extremely rare. Of all of the meteorites that fall on the earth, scientists estimate that only about five percent are Iron Meteorites.
Item # MECDC05107457
Campo del Cielo 334g with Thumbprints
334 grams of thumbprinted Campo del Cielo meteorite (From our Personal Collection)
A 334 gram natural (just as it was found) Campo del Cielo Meteorite with regmaglypts.
This Meteorite measures 3.2 x 2.8 x 1.3 inches (81 x 71 x 32mm) and weighs 0.737 lbs (334g) This meteorite is natural, un-cut and un-polished with no coatings.
Campo del Cielo 586g with Thumbprints
586 grams of thumbprinted Campo del Cielo meteorite (From our Personal Collection)
A 586 gram natural (just as it was found) Campo del Cielo Meteorite with regmaglypts.
This Meteorite measures 3.1 x 2.1 x 1.9 inches (79 x 54 x 48mm) and weighs 1.29 lbs (586g) This meteorite is natural, un-cut and un-polished with no coatings.
Item # MCDC11157943
Campo Del Cielo Commemorative Coin No 357 of 1000
Campo Del Cielo Commemorative Coin No 357 of 1000 (From our Personal Collection)
This is a limited edition coin No 357 commemorating the Campo del Cielo meteorite. 1000 coins were minted which include a real piece of the meteorite embedded in the crater. These coins are numbered 0001 - 1000. No more of these will ever be made. This is a unique item that appeals to both the novice collector and those who have built world- class meteorite collections alike. The coin is a Zinc alloy base. Each coin measures two inches in diameter (50mm), 4.5 mm thick and was produced in an antique gold finish. Attached in a recessed crater on the front of the coin is an authentic specimen of the Campo del Cielo meteorite in the picturesque “field of the sky or heaven”. The back of the coin gives basic information on the fall and is sequentially numbered.